03 What has Lebanon done so far?
Timeline for Oil and Gas in Lebanon and the region
Jan 1996
Israel and Jordan Set Maritime Boundaries
Israel reaches agreement with Jordan to delineate maritime boundaries.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
1999
Gas Discovery Off Coast of Israel
Israel discovers Noa gas field containing nearly 14 billion cubic meters of natural gas.
Regional Discoveries
Feb 2000
Israel Discovers Mari-B Gas Field
Israel announces Mari-B gas field, a 28.3 billion cubic meters discovery.
Regional Discoveries
2009
Israel Defines its EEZ
Israel passes law defining its Exclusive Economic Zone.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Jan 2009
Major Gas Find Offshore Israel
Tamer gas field discovered offshore Israel, a reservoir estimated to contain 283.1 million cubic meters of natural gas.
Regional Discoveries
Mar 2009
Gas Discovery Off the Coast of Israel
Israel discovers Dalit gas field containing an estimated 14.1 billion cubic meters of gas.
Regional Discoveries
Dec 2009
Israel Discovers Another Large Gas Field
Israel – Noble Energy announces discovery of the Tamar gas.
Regional Discoveries
Aug 2010
UN to Mitigate Lebanon Israel Maritime Dispute
Maritime boundary proposal submitted to United Nations for mediation with Israel, outcome pending.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Oct 2010
Lebanon Determines Southern Point of EEZ
Lebanon charts the geographical coordinates of its southern maritime border with Israel and its southwestern border with Cyprus with the UN Secretary General. Find UN documentation here
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Dec 2010
Israel Discovers its Largest Gas Field Yet
Israel – Noble Energy announces Leviathan gas field the existence of a major gas field, a nearly 622.9 billion cubic meters discovery.
Regional Discoveries
Dec 2010
Cyprus Israel Agree on Maritime Boundaries
Agreement between Cyprus and Israel over Exclusive Economic Zones; in February 2011 Cyprus ratifies this agreement.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
July 2011
Israel Disputes Lebanon’s EEZ Claims
Israel ignores Lebanon’s protests to the UN and deposits the geographical coordinates of its northern territorial waters Exclusive Economic Zone.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Sep 2011
Lebanon Objects to Cyprus Israel Maritime Borders
Lebanon’s Foreign Minister addresses another letter to the UN Secretary General objecting to the agreement signed between Israel and Cyprus and ascertaining that the points that Israel adopted are in violation of Lebanese sovereignty.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Nov 2011
Israel Discovers Small Gas Field Offshore
Dolphin gas field discovery estimated to contain 15.5 million cubic meters later downgraded to 2.2 million cubic meters in 2012.
Regional Discoveries
Feb 2012
Gas Field Discovered by Israel
Discovery of Tanin gas field offshore Israel, an estimated 36.8 billion cubic meters gas discovery.
Regional Discoveries
Mar 2012
Cyprus Lebanon Disagree Over Amending Maritime Borders
Cyprus informs Lebanon’s Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri that the flaws that Lebanon claim in the EEZ agreements are of no concern to Cyprus, reiterating that amending the existing treaty with Lebanon will only happen by agreement between the three countries; Cyprus, Lebanon and Israel.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Mar 2012
US Officials Offer to Mediate Maritime Border Disputes
The United States offers to mediate the maritime dispute between Lebanon and Israel.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
Dec 2012
US Mediates Lebanon Israel Maritime Dispute
Fredrick Hof, US Special Coordinator for Regional Affaris, gave Lebanon and Israel a map that proposed a compromise for dividing natural gas resources between them. In 2014, the US mediation proposal aimed at creating a ‘Maritime Separation Line.’ The proposal envisaged a buffer zone where no petroleum activities would be allowed without the consent of the other party. It also aimed at reaching a unitization framework agreement for future right holder companies to enter into joint explorations of maritime blocks.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
May 2013
Israel Discovers Gas Field
Israel announces Karish gas field, a potential 56.6 billion cubic meters discovery, near waters disputed with Lebanon.
Regional Discoveries
Jun 2015
US Officials Continue Mediation Efforts
US Assistant Secretary for Energy Diplomacy Amos Hochstein visits Lebanon to continue talks on maritime boundary dispute with Israel – no progress was reported.
Maritime Boundary Dispute
BASICS about Oil and Gas in Lebanon